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To complement the stories of common citizens contributing to scientific research and the artworks presented in ‘Beyond the Lab: The DIY science revolution’, each venue hosting the exhibition presents a local example of how RRI is or can be applied in research in the field of medicine and healthcare. Sparks partners have worked within local partnerships with researchers, universities, NGOs and citizens to identify the object or the research that would be featured in the local corner of the exhibition.
Bonn Science Shop (DE)
Bonn Science Shop - Nutrition and Dementia
The local case study was developed in cooperation with the Competence Cluster Diet-Body-Brain (DietBB) of the University of Bonn. The network DietBB investigates the relation between dietary factors and the development of cognition across the lifespan. The LCS showcased the importance of transdisciplinary research as well as the relevance of cooperation with citizens through long-term population studies to document nutritional patterns. For the latter, a new app is being developed to enable the people to easily document their dietary behaviour.
Photo credit: Wissenschaftsladen Bonn e.V.
London Science Museum - Eye Wink
EyeWink is a device created by PhD students from the University of Essex. It uses an open source brain-computer interface (OpenBCI) to control a smartphone through the electrical activity of muscles contracting when the user winks. The vision behind EyeWink is to change the way in which we communicate and interact with the technology. In the future, this technology could be applied to many different contexts, including controlling an electronic wheelchair or changing the slides in a presentation.
Photo credit: Science Museum
Copenicus Science Centre Warsaw – Paweł Szczęsny’s research on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
SIDS or ‘crib death’, the unexplained death of infants between 2 and 12 months old, affects about one in 2,000 children. Paweł Szczęsny, PhD, from the Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics (Polish Academy of Sciences) and Warsaw University, intends to accelerate research done by scientists on understanding the causes of crib death through greater openness not only of research results, but of the research process itself, using citizen science to modernly thinking about the responsible conduct of scientific research.
Photo credit: Agata Steifer
Hiša eksperimentov – Sweet-o-bike
“Sweet-o-bike” is an interactive tool for diabetes education developed by Hiša eksperimentov in collaboration with Dr. Karin Kanc (Jazindiabetes d.o.o). The rider of the Sweet-o-bike sees virtual food approaching on the screen. S/he has to choose what to eat but in order to stay on the road, s/he has to dose the right amount of insulin. After the ride, s/he will get a diagram of the training: the "Sweet-o-gram" which is part of regular patients’ education at Dr. Karin Kanc's clinic.
Photo credit: Hisa eksperimentov
Luxembourg Science Centre - The Force-measuring Helmet
After his father had a ski accident, Niccolò, a 16-year-old student from Luxembourg developed the Force-measuring Helmet which allows monitoring the strength of an impact onto the head. Not only does the device tell you whether the helmet is damaged−and thus should be changed−or not, but also helps doctors evaluate the severity of possible head injuries. To develop the helmet, Niccolò got in contact with leading scientists in brain injury research and learned all about the subject he wanted to exploit.
Photo credit: Luxembourg Science Centre
Tycho Brahe Planetarium Copenhagen – RRI in space research and medicine
Space medicine is a field with great implications in health and body economy from an RRI point of view. Lonnie Grove Petersen (MD. Ph.D. in Anestethics and Cardiology at University of Copenhagen and University of San Diego) is the leading scientist in space medicine in Denmark with a large experience in working with test-persons both on Earth and in Space. She has been willing to discuss all aspects of her research and has been open about the research process from the initial idea to the final publication.
Parque de las Ciencias Granada – Diálisis 24H app
Diálisis 24H is a mobile application to provide information and support to renal-impaired patients and help them adapting their diet. To develop and improve the app, nurses Ruth Molina and Mercedes Muñoz drew from conclusions and feedback from different stakeholders in the field of health, particularly paying attention to users’ needs, values and experiences.
Photo credit: Parque de las Ciencias
Blue World Institute – Noise pollution
In the coastal region where the islands of Lošinj and Cres are located, tourism is the most significant economic activity. But it also causes noise pollution in urban areas which lowers the quality of everyday life, affects citizens’ mental health as well as the tourism offer in the area. Together with the local school, the NGO “Idem i ja”, the national Centre for Public Health and the company Vizor, Blue World Institute created a noise map of the town of Mali Lošinj. The initiative led to a collaborative project and helped raise public awareness on how noise pollution affects health on a daily basis.
European University of Cyprus - Sports for all
The ‘Sports for all’ programme was initiated by the Government of Cyprus and involves weekly sports activities for the elderly. The programme was presented in the context of a reflection about physical exercise as a means of improving health while offering entertainment and inclusion to the elderly. The needs and considerations of the elderly people who participated in the Reverse Science Café at the EUC were taken into account while designing a training programme in close collaboration with pensioners, individuals, specialists and scientists to enable older people to be active, exercise and socialize at the same time.
Photo credit: European University of Cyprus.
Pavilhão do Conhecimento Ciência Viva – BITalino
BITalino is a ‘do-it-yourself’ kit that consists of sensors measuring heart, muscle or nervous system signals, plus a microcontroller, a Bluetooth connection, a battery and a power management module. No advanced knowledge of electronics or computer science is required so anyone can create projects autonomously and learn how to use their body signals for different purposes. In healthcare, BITalino can be used for heart self-monitoring or as a tool for people with physical disabilities but it is also used by artists, companies, universities and people from different areas, successfully linking science, industry and society.
Photo credit: Ciência Viva
Norrköping Visualization Center C - Biohacking and chip implants
Non-commercial and curiosity-driven, biohacking is a growing movement of people who work with biological experiments outside the academic world. One of them, Jowan Österlund, is the founder of Biohax International and record holder in the number of implanted RFID chips per day. Chip implants what for? To familiarize the public with this new procedure, Visualization Center C displayed the standard equipment used to inject a chip into a hand, a real-size chip implant as well as the types of objects (cards and keys) that could be replaced by the chip.
Photo credit: Mariadele Arcuri Rossoni
Ars Electronica - Cinematic rendering
Cinematic Rendering takes 3-D depictions of the human body to the next level of image quality. This project was developed by Siemens Healthcare and shown in Deep Space 8K as a vivid example of how science can benefit from artistic impetus. This medical imaging technique is also used in the museum to teach anatomy to students of the applied medical school. Various aspects of cinematic rendering (art & science benefits, museum as a lecture room and all its implications) were discussed at the Reversed Science Café. The public also experience it during a Science Espresso in Ars Electronica’s Deep Space 8k.
Photo credit: Magdalena Sick-Leitner
Cap Sciences - SPINE, the online participatory neuroscience laboratory
The SPINE mobile application allows non-scientists take part in neuroscience research by playing at commenting MRI brain images. Trained online, thousands of players can help analyse huge medical image collections, assisting specialists in this time-consuming task thus contributing to answer pressing questions about Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis and other neurodegenerative diseases. The game follows the progression of the contributors to make them take on more challenges proposed by participating researchers from France, USA and elsewhere. This project is carried out by the University of Bordeaux with Brigham and Women's Hospital (affiliated with Harvard Medical School, Boston).
Photo credit: Cap Sciences
Ellinogermaniki Agogi - Food waste and Mediterranean diet
Based on two Greek innovations, CityCrop - an intelligent indoor garden that lets you grow pesticide-free food all year round - and NutrINsider - the all-in-one supermarket app helping organise daily routines and shopping behaviour at the supermarket - the department of Research and Development of Ellinogermaniki Agogi together with the Healthy Teens team from the Third grade of EA Gymnasium co and experts reflected together on Food Waste, the importance of Mediterranean diet and of the Greek medicinal and aromatic plants for healthier lifestyles in Greece.
Photo credit: Ellinogermaniki Agogi
AHHAA Science Centre - Lumi
Because her daughter had skin conditions, Helen Hirv started working with researchers, and discovered that it could be controlled by using food grade hemp seed oil, which led her to create LUMI her own natural cosmetics line. The local natural cosmetics company which has turned now into a reputable cosmetics brand showed the relevance of the relevance of citizen science as a community-building and self-realization technique.
Photo credit: AHHAA Science Centre
Technopolis - Biobanking and informed consent forms
Esplora - The Malta Genome Project
The Malta Genome Project traces the Maltese genome and the origins of the Maltese DNA. This research provides results such as where do certain rare blood diseases such as diabetes and thalassemia - particularly common in Malta - come from. The local display of the exhibition showcased the process of studying and extracting a DNA strand from a subject as well as a video of an application developed to explain a DNA strand and how we can get plenty of information on our genetics through a single strand of DNA.
Photo credit: Esplora
Institute of Social Innovation - Aresi Labs' research on benign paroxysmal positional vertigo
About 2% of the population of Lithuania suffers from Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, a disorder of the inner ear. Special exercises that have to be performed by patients to relieve the spinning sensation in their head take physicians a lot of time to supervise. Aresi Labs, together with Vilnius University Hospital, found a way to fix this problem in a cheaper and more effective way. They created a simple VR application to help patients and ease the doctors’ work. The Epley VR app uses a Gear VR headset and guides the patient to perform the manoeuvre using visual clues and audio feedback. Since normally this manoeuvre has to be repeated up to 3 times, this allows doctors to let patients repeat by themselves. The app also measures the manoeuvres accuracy, and notifies the patient and the doctor in case the exercise has to be repeated.
Photo credit: Aresi Labs